Know Nepal Well

Biodiversity: Flora and Fauna

  • Nepal occupies only 0.1%of the earth's landmass, but as per size of the country, she possesses one of the richest genetic biodiversity in the world.
  • Kaligandaki is the river older than Himalaya . Therefore It acts as a major ecological dividing line of the whole eastern and western Himalaya.
  • Because of its outstanding altitudinal variation, there are many opportunities to farm any plants from any parts of the world in Nepal.
  • Nepal is an Amazon of Asia. The hidden treasure of its rich biodiversity is not yet fully explored. Many new species could be discovered in Nepal.
  • Nepal harbors 5890 species of flowering plants which covers 2.4% of the world's total and over 250 species of endemic to Nepal has more than 360 species of orchid which constitute over 2% of the world's orchid and comprises 6% of the world's rhododendron species.
  • Thirty six percent of the world's Meconopsis species "poppy" including Blue Poppies are found in Nepal of which four a re endemic only to be found in Nepal
  • Edelweiss is the Austria 's national flower. In Austria is almost extinct in the wild but it is found abundantly in Langtang valley.
  • Nepal has tallest grassland in the world that exists in Chitwan.
  • World is much sought after Ayurvedic. Nepal has an incredible wealth of medicinal and aromatic plants for the preparation of traditional and Ayurvedic medicines.
  • Nepal has one of the largest concentrations of Royal Bengal Tiger in the world. Second largest population of One-horned Rhinos is found in Nepal . Nepal has one of the best habitats for snow leopard. The only natural breeding ground of the long Snouted Gavial crocodile exists in Nepalese river.
  • Sukla Phanta in west Nepal harbors the world's largest herd of Swamp deer.
  • It is said that Nepal has largest moth in the world (Atlas Moth). Some of the largest wild honeybees are found in Nepal . Nepal has 4.2% of the world's butterfly species, which is over 650 species of butterflies
  • Nepal constitutes more than 8.5% of the world's total bird species. Nepal has nearly 870 species of birds, which arguably more than the whole continent of Europe and North Africa combined.

Conservation Efforts.

  • Shivapuri National park at Budhanilkantha is Katmandu is the Worlds only National park close to the capital and international airport.
  • Over nineteen percent of the total country's landmass is protected under National park and protected areas in Nepal.
  • Royal Chitwan National Park and Everest National Park are listed in World Heritage Site
  • Nepal is the leader of community foresty campaign in the world. The conservation effort undertaken by the local communities in the buffer zone areas such as Baghmara and Kumrose forest in Chitwan is the pride of the nation.
  • In many developing countries, park/ people conflict is a major challenge, but in Nepal . This complex issue is amicably resolved.
  • Multi conceptual Park management system was first successfully implemented in Annapurna Area and now ACAP is the world model for conservation and sustainable development.
  • During 70s, there were less than 80 rhinos in Nepal , now we have more than 500. This is undoubtedly and excellent result in the context of global wildlife conservation record.
  • Koshi Tappu wildlife reserve is supposed to be one of the finest bird sanctuaries in Asia and it is listed in Ramsar site.


  • Nepal is the future of Asia 's medieval past.
  • Katmandu has one of the riches Buddhist icons in the world.
  • Religious tolerance and cultural harmony is the living force of the Nepalese society.
  • Katmandu is the living cultural museum of the world, Nepal is the country of Non stop festival.
  • Not a single drop of blood has ever been shed in Nepal in the name of religious and ethnic riot.
  • When America and Australia was not even born as a nation, Nepal built finest monuments, which are now listed in World Heritages Sites.
  • The United Nation has agreed the proposal of developing Lumbini as a World Peace City.
  • Nepal is the birthplace of Lord Buddha, Janaki, Sita and Nepal is the land of victorious Gurkha , Nepal is known as the land of Living Goddess and the only Hindu kingdom of the world.
  • Dolpo in Nepal is the last stronghold of Bonpo religion; Mystic Bajrayana, an important Buddhist sect, is found only in Nepal.


  • " Annapurna is a Nature's Amphitheatre" chris Bonington.
  • " Katmandu is the wildest dream of kew". Rudyard Kipling
  • Nepal is the country of the highest mountain and deepest gorges.
  • The third pole of the planet earth is the Mt. Everest .
  • Nepal is an abode of "Eight thousanders"(mountains above 8000m). Nepal has largest number of Everest summiteers.
  • Some of the highest permanent human habitat exists in Nepal.
  • Some of the higher lakes including Tilicho are found in Nepal.
  • Nepal has the second largest hydropower resources in the world.
  • Nepal is one of the best arenas fro extreme and Adventure sport tourism such as mountaineering, canoeing, paragliding, hot air ballooning, kayaking, rafting, bungee jumping, high altitude marathon etc.
  • Karnali in Simikot is one of the best rivers in the world for kayaking and most of the upstream Nepalese rivers offer the best rapids for white-water rafting.
  • They are always the Nepalese Expatriates who always win World famous Outdoor Marathon Quest organised by Med Seven in Delhi in Indonesia.
  • Elephant Polo match is played only in Nepal.
  • One of the most popular trekking routes in the world is Annapurna Circuit. In Marpha and Jomsom, you virtually walk on the trail full of best quality apple, before one has to be sick to bite an apple.
  • Trekking companies in Nepal are best-known professional outfitters in the world tourism market.
  • Nepal has higher number of repeated visitors than any countries of South Asia.
  • Nepal offers the best eye hospital services in South Asia . And Nepal even exports ocular contact lens in Europe.
  • Last not but least, Nepal is the only country where people shake their head to say " Yes"

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